Generating Graphs...
Loading...

Shale Rock

Types of Soft Rocks

Coal
Add to compare
Conglomerate
Add to compare
Chalk
Add to compare
?
Definition of Shale. Shale Definition </>
?
Definition of Shale. Definition
Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock which is formed by the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles
?
History describes the place of origin and the discoverer of Shale. History of Shale
?
Origin is the place where Shale was first discovered. Origin
Unknown
?
Name of Shale discoverer. Discoverer
Unknown
?
Study of origin of the word "Shale". Etymology
From German Schalstein laminated limestone, and Schalgebirge layer of stone in stratified rock. From Old English scealu in its base sense of- thing that divides or separate,
?
Category of Rocks. Class
Sedimentary Rocks
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Sub-class of Shale. Sub-Class
  • Durable Rock
  • Medium Hardness Rock
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Nature of rocks which is either volcanic or plutonic according to its formation process. Shale Family
?
Group of Shale. It is applicable only to Igneous rocks. Group
Not Applicable
?
Other categories of Shale excluding Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic. Other Categories
  • Fine Grained Rock
  • Opaque Rock
?
The shape, arrangement and distribution of minerals or grains within Shale. Shale Texture </>
?
Arrangement and distribution of minerals within rock. Texture
?
Clastic texture is applicable to rocks which are composed of fragments, or clasts, of pre-existing minerals.Clastic, 
Splintery
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
The colors in which Shale is available. Shale Color
Black, Brown, Buff, Green, Grey, Red, Yellow
?
Maintenance required for Rocks. Maintenance
More
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Ability of Rocks to withstand wear, pressure, or damage. Durability
Durable
?
The resistance offered by Shale on exposure to Water. Water Resistant
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Resistance offered by Shale to scratches. Scratch Resistant
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Resistance offered by Shale to stains. Stain Resistant
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Resistance offered by Shale to wind. Wind Resistant
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Resistance offered by Shale while reacting with acid. Acid Resistant
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Visual Appearance of Shale. Appearance
Muddy
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Uses of Shale in architecture and construction industry. Shale Uses </>
?
Architectural uses of Shale. Architecture
?
Interior Uses of Shale which include as Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways etc. Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Homes and Interior Decoration
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Exterior Uses of Shale which include as Building Stone, Garden Decoration etc. Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone and Office Buildings
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Other Architectural Uses of Shale Other Architectural Uses
Curbing
?
Industrial uses of Shale. Industry
?
Uses of Shale in construction industry. Construction Industry
Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate, Making natural cement, Raw material for the manufacture of mortar
?
Uses of Shale in medical industry. Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
?
Rocks used to build buildings and monuments, or work of art like sculptures from the ancient past or used for creating artifacts and jewelry. Antiquity Uses
Artifacts and Sculpture
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Other uses of Shale. Other Uses
?
Other commercial uses of Shale. Commercial Uses
Creating Artwork, Pottery
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Types of Shale. Shale Types </>
?
Types of Shale. Types
Red Shale, Black Shale, Green Shale, Grey Shale and Yellow Shale
?
Unique features of Shale. Features
Easily splits into thin plates, Generally rough to touch, Very fine grained rock
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
The systematic study of historical past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence like graves, buildings, tools, pottery etc. Archaeological Significance of Shale
?
Buildings, structures, or sites which are build out of various rocks that are of historical importance. Monuments
Used
โ‡…
+
?
Famous Monuments which are built from Shale. Famous Monuments
Jantar Mantar in India
?
Art of making statues or attractive forms by carving rocks or stones. Sculpture
Used
โ‡…
+
?
Famous Sculptures which are carved using Shale rock. Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
?
Pictographs are paintings or drawings that have been placed on the rock face. Such artworks have typically been made with mineral earths and other natural compounds and they are mostly found in caves, rock shelters and areas with dry climates. Pictographs
Used
โ‡…
+
?
A petroglyph is an image which is carved into a rock. This carving produces a visible indentation in the rock by scratching away the weathered surface to reveal unweathered rock of a different color below. Petroglyphs
Used
โ‡…
+
?
Small statues which represent a human, deity or animal. Figurines are also referred to statuette. Figurines
Used
?
Preserved remains of animals, plants and organisms from past. Fossils
Present
?
Formation of Shale. Formation of Shale </>
?
Process of formation of Shale rock. Formation
Shale forms when very fine-grained clay particles are deposited in water which settle at the bottom of water bodies. They are later compacted hence forming shale.
?
Composition gives the list of constituents of Shale. Composition
?
Mineral content of Shale. Mineral Content
Albite, Biotite, Calcite, Chert, Chlorite, Dolomite, Hematite, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Pyrite, Quartz, Silica, Sulfides
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Compound content of Shale. Compound Content
Ca, Fe, Mg, Silicon Dioxide, Sodium
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Change in nature, appearance or form of Shale. Transformation
?
Change in form or nature of Shale. Metamorphism
โ‡…
+
?
List of metamorphism processes which Shale undergoes. Types of Metamorphism
Not Applicable
?
Change in appearance or texture of Shale due to atmospheric exposure. Weathering
โ‡…
+
?
List of weathering processes which Shale undergoes. Types of Weathering
  • Biological Weathering
  • Chemical Weathering
  • Mechanical Weathering
?
Process of gradual destruction of Shale by wind, water or other agents. Erosion
โ‡…
+
?
List of erosion processes which Shale undergoes. Types of Erosion
  • Chemical Erosion
  • Coastal Erosion
  • Glacier Erosion
?
Thermal and physical properties of Shale. Properties of Shale </>
?
Properties that are measurable or whose values describe a state of a physical system of Shale. Physical Properties of Shale
?
Measure of ease with which a smooth surface of a rock can be scratched, or of its resistance to abrasion. It is measured on Moh’s Hardness scale. Hardness
3
?
Size of individual mineral crystals in Shale. Grain Size
Very fine-grained
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Cracking or breaking of Shale. Fracture
Not Available
?
Color of Shale when powdered. Streak
White
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Porosity of Shale is the quality of being porous, or full of tiny holes. Porosity
Highly Porous
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Interaction of light with the surface of Shale. Luster
Dull
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Resistance applied by Rocks to break under compression. Compressive Strength
95.00 N/mm2
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
21
+
?
Forms due to deformation and metamorphism in Shale. Cleavage
?
The rocks after deformation, produces planes with layers.Slaty
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Ability to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing. Toughness
2.6
?
Ratio of density of Shale to the density of reference rock. Specific Gravity
2.2-2.8
?
Degree to which light can pass through a rock. Transparency
?
A rock is said to be opaque if it blocks all the rays of light to pass through it.Opaque
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Degree of compactness of a rock. Density
2.4-2.8 g/cm3
?
Properties which describe the response of a rock on the application of heat. Thermal Properties of Shale
?
Amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat Capacity
0.39 kJ/Kg K
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
23
+
?
Resistance offered by Shale against deformation, wear, scratch and heat. Resistance
  • Heat Resistant
  • Impact Resistant
โ‡…
+
๐Ÿ“Š
+
?
Reserves of Shale. Shale Reserves </>
?
Deposits of Shale in Asia, Africa and Europe which constitute the eastern continents. Shale Deposits in Eastern Continents
?
Deposits of Shale in Asian continent. Asia
Bangladesh, China, India, Russia
?
Deposits of Shale in African continent. Africa
Ethiopia, Kenya, Morocco, South Africa, Tanzania
?
Deposits of Shale in European continent. Europe
Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Switzerland
?
List of countries where Shale deposits are found excluding the 6 continents. Others
Not Yet Found
?
Deposits of Shale in North and South America which constitute the western continents. Shale Deposits in Western Continents
?
Deposits of Shale in North American continent. North America
USA
?
Deposits of Shale in South American continent. South America
Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
?
Deposits of Shale in Australia which constitute the Oceania continent. Shale Deposits in Oceania Continent
?
Deposits of Shale in Australian continent. Australia
New South Wales, New Zealand, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia

Information about Shale

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Shale Uses. We have provided you with all information about Shale rock here. Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock which is formed by the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles. Shale is available in black, brown, buff, green, grey, red, yellow colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Shale is white. Get to know more about Shale rock and characteristics of Shale rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Shale

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Shale are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Shale is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Shale plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Shale is 3 on Mohโ€™s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Types of Hard Rocks, Types of Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Shale rock is not available. Its specific heat capacity is 0.39 kJ/Kg K. Shale is heat resistant, impact resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Decorative aggregates, Homes and Interior decoration.
  • Construction Industry: Cement manufacture, Construction aggregate, For road aggregate, Making natural cement, Raw material for the manufacture of mortar.

Know more about Shale rock in the next section.

More About Shale

Shale is a type of Sedimentary Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Shale rock is available in black, brown, buff, green, grey, red, yellow colors. It is Muddy in appearance. The Shale mineral content includes Albite, Biotite, Calcite, Chert, Chlorite, Dolomite, Hematite, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Pyrite, Quartz, Silica, Sulfides. Its compound content includes Ca, Fe, Mg, Silicon Dioxide, Sodium. Letโ€™s move on to the types of Shale. The types of Shale include Red Shale, Black Shale, Green Shale, Grey Shale and Yellow Shale. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Shale belongs to Sedimentary Rocks, fossils are found in it.