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Peridotite Rock

Rocks with Medium Hardness

Slate
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Obsidian
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Marble
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Definition of Peridotite. Peridotite Definition </>
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Definition of Peridotite. Definition
Peridotite is a dense, coarse-grained plutonic is the main constituent of the earth's mantle
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History describes the place of origin and the discoverer of Peridotite. History of Peridotite
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Origin is the place where Peridotite was first discovered. Origin
Pike County, U.S
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Name of Peridotite discoverer. Discoverer
Unknown
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Study of origin of the word "Peridotite". Etymology
From French, from peridot +โ€Ž -ite
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Category of Rocks. Class
Igneous Rocks
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Sub-class of Peridotite. Sub-Class
  • Durable Rock
  • Medium Hardness Rock
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Nature of rocks which is either volcanic or plutonic according to its formation process. Peridotite Family
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Group of Peridotite. It is applicable only to Igneous rocks. Group
Plutonic
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Other categories of Peridotite excluding Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic. Other Categories
  • Coarse Grained Rock
  • Opaque Rock
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The shape, arrangement and distribution of minerals or grains within Peridotite. Peridotite Texture </>
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Arrangement and distribution of minerals within rock. Texture
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Phaneritic texture refers to the size of matrix grains in the rock is large enough to be distinguished with the unaided eye.Phaneritic
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The colors in which Peridotite is available. Peridotite Color
Dark Greenish - Grey
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Maintenance required for Rocks. Maintenance
Less
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Ability of Rocks to withstand wear, pressure, or damage. Durability
Durable
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The resistance offered by Peridotite on exposure to Water. Water Resistant
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Resistance offered by Peridotite to scratches. Scratch Resistant
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Resistance offered by Peridotite to stains. Stain Resistant
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Resistance offered by Peridotite to wind. Wind Resistant
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Resistance offered by Peridotite while reacting with acid. Acid Resistant
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Visual Appearance of Peridotite. Appearance
Rough and Shiny
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Uses of Peridotite in architecture and construction industry. Peridotite Uses </>
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Architectural uses of Peridotite. Architecture
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Interior Uses of Peridotite which include as Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways etc. Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates and Interior Decoration
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Exterior Uses of Peridotite which include as Building Stone, Garden Decoration etc. Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone and Garden Decoration
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Other Architectural Uses of Peridotite Other Architectural Uses
Curbing
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Industrial uses of Peridotite. Industry
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Uses of Peridotite in construction industry. Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Cobblestones
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Uses of Peridotite in medical industry. Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
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Rocks used to build buildings and monuments, or work of art like sculptures from the ancient past or used for creating artifacts and jewelry. Antiquity Uses
Monuments, Sculpture and Small Figurines
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Other uses of Peridotite. Other Uses
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Other commercial uses of Peridotite. Commercial Uses
Creating Artwork, Gemstone, Jewelry, Source of Chromite, Platinum, Nickel and Garnet, Source of Diamonds
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Types of Peridotite. Peridotite Types </>
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Types of Peridotite. Types
Dunite, Wehrlite, Harzburgite, Lherzolite and Pyrolite
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Unique features of Peridotite. Features
Constitutes upper part of the Earth's mantle, Generally rough to touch, Host rock for Diamond, Is one of the oldest rock
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The systematic study of historical past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence like graves, buildings, tools, pottery etc. Archaeological Significance of Peridotite
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Buildings, structures, or sites which are build out of various rocks that are of historical importance. Monuments
Used
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Famous Monuments which are built from Peridotite. Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
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Art of making statues or attractive forms by carving rocks or stones. Sculpture
Used
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Famous Sculptures which are carved using Peridotite rock. Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
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Pictographs are paintings or drawings that have been placed on the rock face. Such artworks have typically been made with mineral earths and other natural compounds and they are mostly found in caves, rock shelters and areas with dry climates. Pictographs
Used
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A petroglyph is an image which is carved into a rock. This carving produces a visible indentation in the rock by scratching away the weathered surface to reveal unweathered rock of a different color below. Petroglyphs
Used
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Small statues which represent a human, deity or animal. Figurines are also referred to statuette. Figurines
Used
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Preserved remains of animals, plants and organisms from past. Fossils
Absent
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Formation of Peridotite. Formation of Peridotite </>
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Process of formation of Peridotite rock. Formation
Peridotites can be formed in two ways: as mantle rocks formed during the accretion and differentiation of the Earth or as cumulate rocks formed by precipitation of olivine and pyroxenes from basaltic magmas.
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Composition gives the list of constituents of Peridotite. Composition
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Mineral content of Peridotite. Mineral Content
Amphibole, Chromite, Garnet, Magnesium, Olivine, Phlogopite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene
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Compound content of Peridotite. Compound Content
Ca, Fe, Mg, Potassium, Silicon Dioxide, Sodium, Titanium Dioxide
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Change in nature, appearance or form of Peridotite. Transformation
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Change in form or nature of Peridotite. Metamorphism
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List of metamorphism processes which Peridotite undergoes. Types of Metamorphism
  • Burial Metamorphism
  • Cataclastic Metamorphism
  • Contact Metamorphism
  • Hydrothermal Metamorphism
  • Impact Metamorphism
  • Regional Metamorphism
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Change in appearance or texture of Peridotite due to atmospheric exposure. Weathering
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List of weathering processes which Peridotite undergoes. Types of Weathering
  • Biological Weathering
  • Chemical Weathering
  • Mechanical Weathering
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Process of gradual destruction of Peridotite by wind, water or other agents. Erosion
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List of erosion processes which Peridotite undergoes. Types of Erosion
Chemical Erosion
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Thermal and physical properties of Peridotite. Properties of Peridotite </>
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Properties that are measurable or whose values describe a state of a physical system of Peridotite. Physical Properties of Peridotite
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Measure of ease with which a smooth surface of a rock can be scratched, or of its resistance to abrasion. It is measured on Moh’s Hardness scale. Hardness
5.5-6
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Size of individual mineral crystals in Peridotite. Grain Size
Coarse Grained
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Cracking or breaking of Peridotite. Fracture
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Fracture surface of the rock is rough and irregular.Irregular
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Color of Peridotite when powdered. Streak
White
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Porosity of Peridotite is the quality of being porous, or full of tiny holes. Porosity
Less Porous
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Interaction of light with the surface of Peridotite. Luster
Shiny
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Resistance applied by Rocks to break under compression. Compressive Strength
107.55 N/mm2
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Forms due to deformation and metamorphism in Peridotite. Cleavage
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When a rock deforms, it produces planes that are not smooth.Imperfect
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Ability to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing. Toughness
2.1
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Ratio of density of Peridotite to the density of reference rock. Specific Gravity
3-3.01
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Degree to which light can pass through a rock. Transparency
Translucent to Opaque
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Degree of compactness of a rock. Density
3.1-3.4 g/cm3
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Properties which describe the response of a rock on the application of heat. Thermal Properties of Peridotite
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Amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat Capacity
1.26 kJ/Kg K
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Resistance offered by Peridotite against deformation, wear, scratch and heat. Resistance
  • Heat Resistant
  • Pressure Resistant
  • Wear Resistant
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Reserves of Peridotite. Peridotite Reserves </>
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Deposits of Peridotite in Asia, Africa and Europe which constitute the eastern continents. Peridotite Deposits in Eastern Continents
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Deposits of Peridotite in Asian continent. Asia
China, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Russia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey
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Deposits of Peridotite in African continent. Africa
Morocco, South Africa
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Deposits of Peridotite in European continent. Europe
Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Switzerland, Venezuela
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List of countries where Peridotite deposits are found excluding the 6 continents. Others
Not Yet Found
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Deposits of Peridotite in North and South America which constitute the western continents. Peridotite Deposits in Western Continents
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Deposits of Peridotite in North American continent. North America
Canada, USA
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Deposits of Peridotite in South American continent. South America
Brazil
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Deposits of Peridotite in Australia which constitute the Oceania continent. Peridotite Deposits in Oceania Continent
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Deposits of Peridotite in Australian continent. Australia
New Zealand, Western Australia

Information about Peridotite

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Peridotite Uses. We have provided you with all information about Peridotite rock here. Peridotite is a dense, coarse-grained plutonic is the main constituent of the earth's mantle. Peridotite is available in dark greenish - grey colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Peridotite is white. Get to know more about Peridotite rock and characteristics of Peridotite rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Peridotite

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Peridotite are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Peridotite is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Peridotite plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Peridotite is 5.5-6 on Mohโ€™s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Types of Hard Rocks, Types of Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Peridotite rock is irregular. Its specific heat capacity is 1.26 kJ/Kg K. Peridotite is heat resistant, pressure resistant, wear resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Decorative aggregates and Interior decoration.
  • Construction Industry: As dimension stone, Cobblestones.

Know more about Peridotite rock in the next section.

More About Peridotite

Peridotite is a type of Igneous Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Peridotite rock is available in dark greenish - grey colors. It is Rough and Shiny in appearance. The Peridotite mineral content includes Amphibole, Chromite, Garnet, Magnesium, Olivine, Phlogopite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene. Its compound content includes Ca, Fe, Mg, Potassium, Silicon Dioxide, Sodium, Titanium Dioxide. Letโ€™s move on to the types of Peridotite. The types of Peridotite include Dunite, Wehrlite, Harzburgite, Lherzolite and Pyrolite. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Peridotite belongs to Igneous Rocks, fossils are not found in it.