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Laterite Rock

Types of Soft Rocks

Coal
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Conglomerate
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Chalk
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Definition of Laterite. Laterite Definition </>
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Definition of Laterite. Definition
Laterite rock is a type of Sedimentary rock which is rich in iron and aluminium, formed in hot and wet tropical areas
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History describes the place of origin and the discoverer of Laterite. History of Laterite
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Origin is the place where Laterite was first discovered. Origin
India
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Name of Laterite discoverer. Discoverer
Francis Buchanan-Hamilton
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Study of origin of the word "Laterite". Etymology
From Latin later brick, tile + -ite1
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Category of Rocks. Class
Sedimentary Rocks
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Sub-class of Laterite. Sub-Class
  • Durable Rock
  • Soft Rock
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Nature of rocks which is either volcanic or plutonic according to its formation process. Laterite Family
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Group of Laterite. It is applicable only to Igneous rocks. Group
Not Applicable
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Other categories of Laterite excluding Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic. Other Categories
  • Fine Grained Rock
  • Opaque Rock
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The shape, arrangement and distribution of minerals or grains within Laterite. Laterite Texture </>
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Arrangement and distribution of minerals within rock. Texture
Earthy, Massive, Porphyritic
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The colors in which Laterite is available. Laterite Color
Brown, Buff, Red
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Maintenance required for Rocks. Maintenance
Less
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Ability of Rocks to withstand wear, pressure, or damage. Durability
Durable
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The resistance offered by Laterite on exposure to Water. Water Resistant
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Resistance offered by Laterite to scratches. Scratch Resistant
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Resistance offered by Laterite to stains. Stain Resistant
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Resistance offered by Laterite to wind. Wind Resistant
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Resistance offered by Laterite while reacting with acid. Acid Resistant
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Visual Appearance of Laterite. Appearance
Rough and Banded
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Uses of Laterite in architecture and construction industry. Laterite Uses </>
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Architectural uses of Laterite. Architecture
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Interior Uses of Laterite which include as Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways etc. Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Flooring and Interior Decoration
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Exterior Uses of Laterite which include as Building Stone, Garden Decoration etc. Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone and Garden Decoration
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Other Architectural Uses of Laterite Other Architectural Uses
Curbing
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Industrial uses of Laterite. Industry
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Uses of Laterite in construction industry. Construction Industry
Cobblestones, for Road Aggregate, Landscaping, Roadstone
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Uses of Laterite in medical industry. Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
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Rocks used to build buildings and monuments, or work of art like sculptures from the ancient past or used for creating artifacts and jewelry. Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Monuments and Sculpture
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Other uses of Laterite. Other Uses
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Other commercial uses of Laterite. Commercial Uses
An Oil and Gas Reservoir, Source of bauxite, Used in aquariums
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Types of Laterite. Laterite Types </>
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Types of Laterite. Types
Not Available
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Unique features of Laterite. Features
Is one of the oldest rock, Very fine grained rock
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The systematic study of historical past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence like graves, buildings, tools, pottery etc. Archaeological Significance of Laterite
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Buildings, structures, or sites which are build out of various rocks that are of historical importance. Monuments
Used
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Famous Monuments which are built from Laterite. Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
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Art of making statues or attractive forms by carving rocks or stones. Sculpture
Used
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Famous Sculptures which are carved using Laterite rock. Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
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Pictographs are paintings or drawings that have been placed on the rock face. Such artworks have typically been made with mineral earths and other natural compounds and they are mostly found in caves, rock shelters and areas with dry climates. Pictographs
Used
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A petroglyph is an image which is carved into a rock. This carving produces a visible indentation in the rock by scratching away the weathered surface to reveal unweathered rock of a different color below. Petroglyphs
Used
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Small statues which represent a human, deity or animal. Figurines are also referred to statuette. Figurines
Used
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Preserved remains of animals, plants and organisms from past. Fossils
Present
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Formation of Laterite. Formation of Laterite </>
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Process of formation of Laterite rock. Formation
Laterite is a type of sedimentary rock which is generally a reddish weathering product of basalt.
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Composition gives the list of constituents of Laterite. Composition
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Mineral content of Laterite. Mineral Content
Aluminum Oxides, Biotite, Hematite, Hornblade, Iron Oxides, Manganese Oxides, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene
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Compound content of Laterite. Compound Content
Aluminium Oxide, CaO, Iron(III) Oxide, FeO, Potassium Oxide, MgO, MnO, Sodium Oxide, Phosphorus Pentoxide, Silicon Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide
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Change in nature, appearance or form of Laterite. Transformation
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Change in form or nature of Laterite. Metamorphism
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List of metamorphism processes which Laterite undergoes. Types of Metamorphism
Not Applicable
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Change in appearance or texture of Laterite due to atmospheric exposure. Weathering
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List of weathering processes which Laterite undergoes. Types of Weathering
  • Biological Weathering
  • Chemical Weathering
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Process of gradual destruction of Laterite by wind, water or other agents. Erosion
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List of erosion processes which Laterite undergoes. Types of Erosion
  • Chemical Erosion
  • Water Erosion
  • Wind Erosion
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Thermal and physical properties of Laterite. Properties of Laterite </>
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Properties that are measurable or whose values describe a state of a physical system of Laterite. Physical Properties of Laterite
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Measure of ease with which a smooth surface of a rock can be scratched, or of its resistance to abrasion. It is measured on Moh’s Hardness scale. Hardness
2
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Size of individual mineral crystals in Laterite. Grain Size
Fine Grained
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Cracking or breaking of Laterite. Fracture
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Conchoidal fracture is a curved breakage which resembles to the concentric ripples of a mussel shell.Conchoidal
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Color of Laterite when powdered. Streak
White
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Porosity of Laterite is the quality of being porous, or full of tiny holes. Porosity
Highly Porous
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Interaction of light with the surface of Laterite. Luster
Dull
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Forms due to deformation and metamorphism in Laterite. Cleavage
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Ability to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing. Toughness
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Ratio of density of Laterite to the density of reference rock. Specific Gravity
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Degree to which light can pass through a rock. Transparency
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A rock is said to be opaque if it blocks all the rays of light to pass through it.Opaque
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Degree of compactness of a rock. Density
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Properties which describe the response of a rock on the application of heat. Thermal Properties of Laterite
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Resistance offered by Laterite against deformation, wear, scratch and heat. Resistance
  • Heat Resistant
  • Pressure Resistant
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Reserves of Laterite. Laterite Reserves </>
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Deposits of Laterite in Asia, Africa and Europe which constitute the eastern continents. Laterite Deposits in Eastern Continents
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Deposits of Laterite in Asian continent. Asia
India
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Deposits of Laterite in African continent. Africa
East Africa, Western Africa
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Deposits of Laterite in European continent. Europe
England, Romania, Scotland
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List of countries where Laterite deposits are found excluding the 6 continents. Others
Not Yet Found
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Deposits of Laterite in North and South America which constitute the western continents. Laterite Deposits in Western Continents
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Deposits of Laterite in North American continent. North America
Canada, USA
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Deposits of Laterite in South American continent. South America
Not Yet Found
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Deposits of Laterite in Australia which constitute the Oceania continent. Laterite Deposits in Oceania Continent
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Deposits of Laterite in Australian continent. Australia
Central Australia, Western Australia

Information about Laterite

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Laterite Uses. We have provided you with all information about Laterite rock here. Laterite rock is a type of Sedimentary rock which is rich in iron and aluminium, formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Laterite is available in brown, buff, red colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Laterite is white. Get to know more about Laterite rock and characteristics of Laterite rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Laterite

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Laterite are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Laterite is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Laterite plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Laterite is 2 on Mohโ€™s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Types of Hard Rocks, Types of Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Laterite rock is conchoidal. Its specific heat capacity is Not Available. Laterite is heat resistant, pressure resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Decorative aggregates, Flooring and Interior decoration.
  • Construction Industry: Cobblestones, For road aggregate, Landscaping, Roadstone.

Know more about Laterite rock in the next section.

More About Laterite

Laterite is a type of Sedimentary Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Laterite rock is available in brown, buff, red colors. It is Rough and Banded in appearance. The Laterite mineral content includes Aluminum Oxides, Biotite, Hematite, Hornblade, Iron Oxides, Manganese Oxides, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene. Its compound content includes Aluminium Oxide, CaO, Iron(III) Oxide, FeO, Potassium Oxide, MgO, MnO, Sodium Oxide, Phosphorus Pentoxide, Silicon Dioxide, Titanium Dioxide. Letโ€™s move on to the types of Laterite. Laterite rock does not have any types. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Laterite belongs to Sedimentary Rocks, fossils are found in it.