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Gabbro Rock

Types of Hard Rocks

Granite
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Basalt
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Sandstone
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Definition of Gabbro. Gabbro Definition </>
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Definition of Gabbro. Definition
Gabbro is an intrusive igneous rock which is chemically equivalent to plutonic Basalt
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History describes the place of origin and the discoverer of Gabbro. History of Gabbro
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Origin is the place where Gabbro was first discovered. Origin
Germany
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Name of Gabbro discoverer. Discoverer
Christian Leopold von Buch
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Study of origin of the word "Gabbro". Etymology
From Latin glaber bare, smooth, bald
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Category of Rocks. Class
Igneous Rocks
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Sub-class of Gabbro. Sub-Class
  • Durable Rock
  • Hard Rock
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Nature of rocks which is either volcanic or plutonic according to its formation process. Gabbro Family
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Group of Gabbro. It is applicable only to Igneous rocks. Group
Plutonic
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Other categories of Gabbro excluding Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic. Other Categories
  • Coarse Grained Rock
  • Opaque Rock
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The shape, arrangement and distribution of minerals or grains within Gabbro. Gabbro Texture </>
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Arrangement and distribution of minerals within rock. Texture
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Phaneritic texture refers to the size of matrix grains in the rock is large enough to be distinguished with the unaided eye.Phaneritic
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The colors in which Gabbro is available. Gabbro Color
Dark Grey to Black
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Maintenance required for Rocks. Maintenance
Less
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Ability of Rocks to withstand wear, pressure, or damage. Durability
Durable
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The resistance offered by Gabbro on exposure to Water. Water Resistant
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Resistance offered by Gabbro to scratches. Scratch Resistant
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Resistance offered by Gabbro to stains. Stain Resistant
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Resistance offered by Gabbro to wind. Wind Resistant
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Resistance offered by Gabbro while reacting with acid. Acid Resistant
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Visual Appearance of Gabbro. Appearance
Veined and Shiny
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Uses of Gabbro in architecture and construction industry. Gabbro Uses </>
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Architectural uses of Gabbro. Architecture
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Interior Uses of Gabbro which include as Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways etc. Interior Uses
Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Homes and Interior Decoration
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Exterior Uses of Gabbro which include as Building Stone, Garden Decoration etc. Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Garden Decoration, Office Buildings and Paving Stone
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Other Architectural Uses of Gabbro Other Architectural Uses
Curbing
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Industrial uses of Gabbro. Industry
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Uses of Gabbro in construction industry. Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Building houses or walls, Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate
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Uses of Gabbro in medical industry. Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
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Rocks used to build buildings and monuments, or work of art like sculptures from the ancient past or used for creating artifacts and jewelry. Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Monuments and Sculpture
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Other uses of Gabbro. Other Uses
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Other commercial uses of Gabbro. Commercial Uses
Cemetery Markers, Commemorative Tablets, Laboratory bench tops, Jewelry, Sea Defence, Tombstones
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Types of Gabbro. Gabbro Types </>
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Types of Gabbro. Types
Not Available
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Unique features of Gabbro. Features
Smooth to touch
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The systematic study of historical past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence like graves, buildings, tools, pottery etc. Archaeological Significance of Gabbro
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Buildings, structures, or sites which are build out of various rocks that are of historical importance. Monuments
Used
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Famous Monuments which are built from Gabbro. Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
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Art of making statues or attractive forms by carving rocks or stones. Sculpture
Used
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Famous Sculptures which are carved using Gabbro rock. Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
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Pictographs are paintings or drawings that have been placed on the rock face. Such artworks have typically been made with mineral earths and other natural compounds and they are mostly found in caves, rock shelters and areas with dry climates. Pictographs
Not Used
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A petroglyph is an image which is carved into a rock. This carving produces a visible indentation in the rock by scratching away the weathered surface to reveal unweathered rock of a different color below. Petroglyphs
Not Used
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Small statues which represent a human, deity or animal. Figurines are also referred to statuette. Figurines
Used
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Preserved remains of animals, plants and organisms from past. Fossils
Absent
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Formation of Gabbro. Formation of Gabbro </>
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Process of formation of Gabbro rock. Formation
Gabbro, a mafic rock, forms due to cooling and crystallization of magma underneath Earth's surface.
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Composition gives the list of constituents of Gabbro. Composition
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Mineral content of Gabbro. Mineral Content
Augite, Olivine, Plagioclase, Pyroxene
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Compound content of Gabbro. Compound Content
Aluminium Oxide, CaO, Chromium(III) Oxide, Iron(III) Oxide, Potassium Oxide, MgO, Sodium Oxide, Silicon Dioxide, Sulfur Trioxide
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Change in nature, appearance or form of Gabbro. Transformation
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Change in form or nature of Gabbro. Metamorphism
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List of metamorphism processes which Gabbro undergoes. Types of Metamorphism
Impact Metamorphism
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Change in appearance or texture of Gabbro due to atmospheric exposure. Weathering
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List of weathering processes which Gabbro undergoes. Types of Weathering
Chemical Weathering
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Process of gradual destruction of Gabbro by wind, water or other agents. Erosion
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List of erosion processes which Gabbro undergoes. Types of Erosion
Coastal Erosion
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Thermal and physical properties of Gabbro. Properties of Gabbro </>
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Properties that are measurable or whose values describe a state of a physical system of Gabbro. Physical Properties of Gabbro
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Measure of ease with which a smooth surface of a rock can be scratched, or of its resistance to abrasion. It is measured on Moh’s Hardness scale. Hardness
7
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Size of individual mineral crystals in Gabbro. Grain Size
Coarse Grained
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Cracking or breaking of Gabbro. Fracture
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Conchoidal fracture is a curved breakage which resembles to the concentric ripples of a mussel shell.Conchoidal
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Color of Gabbro when powdered. Streak
Black
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Porosity of Gabbro is the quality of being porous, or full of tiny holes. Porosity
Highly Porous
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Interaction of light with the surface of Gabbro. Luster
Not Available
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Resistance applied by Rocks to break under compression. Compressive Strength
225.00 N/mm2
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Forms due to deformation and metamorphism in Gabbro. Cleavage
Not Available
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Ability to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing. Toughness
1.6
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Ratio of density of Gabbro to the density of reference rock. Specific Gravity
2.86-2.87
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Degree to which light can pass through a rock. Transparency
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A rock is said to be opaque if it blocks all the rays of light to pass through it.Opaque
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Degree of compactness of a rock. Density
2.7-3.3 g/cm3
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Properties which describe the response of a rock on the application of heat. Thermal Properties of Gabbro
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Resistance offered by Gabbro against deformation, wear, scratch and heat. Resistance
  • Impact Resistant
  • Pressure Resistant
  • Wear Resistant
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Reserves of Gabbro. Gabbro Reserves </>
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Deposits of Gabbro in Asia, Africa and Europe which constitute the eastern continents. Gabbro Deposits in Eastern Continents
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Deposits of Gabbro in Asian continent. Asia
India, Russia
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Deposits of Gabbro in African continent. Africa
South Africa
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Deposits of Gabbro in European continent. Europe
Germany, Greece, Italy, Scotland, Turkey
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List of countries where Gabbro deposits are found excluding the 6 continents. Others
Greenland
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Deposits of Gabbro in North and South America which constitute the western continents. Gabbro Deposits in Western Continents
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Deposits of Gabbro in North American continent. North America
Canada, USA
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Deposits of Gabbro in South American continent. South America
Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
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Deposits of Gabbro in Australia which constitute the Oceania continent. Gabbro Deposits in Oceania Continent
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Deposits of Gabbro in Australian continent. Australia
New Zealand, Queensland

Information about Gabbro

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Gabbro Uses. We have provided you with all information about Gabbro rock here. Gabbro is an intrusive igneous rock which is chemically equivalent to plutonic Basalt. Gabbro is available in dark grey to black colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Gabbro is black. Get to know more about Gabbro rock and characteristics of Gabbro rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Gabbro

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Gabbro are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Gabbro is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Gabbro plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Gabbro is 7 on Moh’s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Types of Hard Rocks, Types of Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Gabbro rock is conchoidal. Its specific heat capacity is Not Available. Gabbro is impact resistant, pressure resistant, wear resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Countertops, Decorative aggregates, Homes and Interior decoration.
  • Construction Industry: As dimension stone, Building houses or walls, Cement manufacture, Construction aggregate, For road aggregate.

Know more about Gabbro rock in the next section.

More About Gabbro

Gabbro is a type of Igneous Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Gabbro rock is available in dark grey to black colors. It is Veined and Shiny in appearance. The Gabbro mineral content includes Augite, Olivine, Plagioclase, Pyroxene. Its compound content includes Aluminium Oxide, CaO, Chromium(III) Oxide, Iron(III) Oxide, Potassium Oxide, MgO, Sodium Oxide, Silicon Dioxide, Sulfur Trioxide. Let’s move on to the types of Gabbro. Gabbro rock does not have any types. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Gabbro belongs to Igneous Rocks, fossils are not found in it.