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Dolomite Rock

Rocks with Medium Hardness

Slate
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Obsidian
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Marble
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Definition of Dolomite. Dolomite Definition </>
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Definition of Dolomite. Definition
Dolomite is a sedimentary rock containing more than 50 percent of the mineral dolomite by weight
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History describes the place of origin and the discoverer of Dolomite. History of Dolomite
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Origin is the place where Dolomite was first discovered. Origin
Southern Alps, France
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Name of Dolomite discoverer. Discoverer
Dolomieu
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Study of origin of the word "Dolomite". Etymology
From French, from the name of Dolomieu (1750–1801), the French geologist who discovered the rock
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Category of Rocks. Class
Sedimentary Rocks
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Sub-class of Dolomite. Sub-Class
  • Durable Rock
  • Medium Hardness Rock
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Nature of rocks which is either volcanic or plutonic according to its formation process. Dolomite Family
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Group of Dolomite. It is applicable only to Igneous rocks. Group
Not Applicable
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Other categories of Dolomite excluding Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic. Other Categories
  • Coarse Grained Rock
  • Fine Grained Rock
  • Medium Grained Rock
  • Opaque Rock
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The shape, arrangement and distribution of minerals or grains within Dolomite. Dolomite Texture </>
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Arrangement and distribution of minerals within rock. Texture
Earthy
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The colors in which Dolomite is available. Dolomite Color
Black, Brown, Colourless, Green, Grey, Pink, White
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Maintenance required for Rocks. Maintenance
Less
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Ability of Rocks to withstand wear, pressure, or damage. Durability
Durable
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The resistance offered by Dolomite on exposure to Water. Water Resistant
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Resistance offered by Dolomite to scratches. Scratch Resistant
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Resistance offered by Dolomite to stains. Stain Resistant
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Resistance offered by Dolomite to wind. Wind Resistant
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Resistance offered by Dolomite while reacting with acid. Acid Resistant
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Visual Appearance of Dolomite. Appearance
Glassy or Pearly
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Uses of Dolomite in architecture and construction industry. Dolomite Uses </>
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Architectural uses of Dolomite. Architecture
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Interior Uses of Dolomite which include as Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways etc. Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Homes and Interior Decoration
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Exterior Uses of Dolomite which include as Building Stone, Garden Decoration etc. Exterior Uses
Garden Decoration and Office Buildings
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Other Architectural Uses of Dolomite Other Architectural Uses
Not Yet Used
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Industrial uses of Dolomite. Industry
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Uses of Dolomite in construction industry. Construction Industry
As a Flux in the Production of Steel and Pig Iron, As a Sintering Agent in Steel Industry to process Iron Ore, As Dimension Stone, Cement Manufacture, for Road Aggregate, Making natural cement, Manufacture of Magnesium and Dolomite Refractories, Production of Glass and Ceramics, Serves as an Oil and Gas Reservoir rock
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Uses of Dolomite in medical industry. Medical Industry
Taken as a Supplement for Calcium or Magnesium
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Rocks used to build buildings and monuments, or work of art like sculptures from the ancient past or used for creating artifacts and jewelry. Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Jewellery, Monuments, Sculpture and Small Figurines
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Other uses of Dolomite. Other Uses
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Other commercial uses of Dolomite. Commercial Uses
An Oil and Gas Reservoir, As a Feed Additive for Livestock, Gemstone, Metallurgical Flux, Production of Lime, Soil Conditioner, Source of Magnesia (MgO)
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Types of Dolomite. Dolomite Types </>
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Types of Dolomite. Types
Boninite and Jasperoid
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Unique features of Dolomite. Features
Host Rock for Lead, Traps for subsurface fluids like Oil and Natural Gas., Zinc and Copper Deposits
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The systematic study of historical past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence like graves, buildings, tools, pottery etc. Archaeological Significance of Dolomite
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Buildings, structures, or sites which are build out of various rocks that are of historical importance. Monuments
Used
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Famous Monuments which are built from Dolomite. Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
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Art of making statues or attractive forms by carving rocks or stones. Sculpture
Used
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Famous Sculptures which are carved using Dolomite rock. Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
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Pictographs are paintings or drawings that have been placed on the rock face. Such artworks have typically been made with mineral earths and other natural compounds and they are mostly found in caves, rock shelters and areas with dry climates. Pictographs
Used
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A petroglyph is an image which is carved into a rock. This carving produces a visible indentation in the rock by scratching away the weathered surface to reveal unweathered rock of a different color below. Petroglyphs
Used
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Small statues which represent a human, deity or animal. Figurines are also referred to statuette. Figurines
Used
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Preserved remains of animals, plants and organisms from past. Fossils
Present
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Formation of Dolomite. Formation of Dolomite </>
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Process of formation of Dolomite rock. Formation
Dolomite rocks are originally deposited as calcite or aragonite rich limestone, but during diagenesis process, the calcite or aragonite is transformed into dolomite.
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Composition gives the list of constituents of Dolomite. Composition
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Mineral content of Dolomite. Mineral Content
Clay Minerals, Pyrite, Quartz, Sulfides
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Compound content of Dolomite. Compound Content
NaCl, CaO, Carbon Dioxide, Magnesium Carbonate, MgO
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Change in nature, appearance or form of Dolomite. Transformation
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Change in form or nature of Dolomite. Metamorphism
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List of metamorphism processes which Dolomite undergoes. Types of Metamorphism
  • Burial Metamorphism
  • Cataclastic Metamorphism
  • Contact Metamorphism
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Change in appearance or texture of Dolomite due to atmospheric exposure. Weathering
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List of weathering processes which Dolomite undergoes. Types of Weathering
Not Applicable
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Process of gradual destruction of Dolomite by wind, water or other agents. Erosion
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List of erosion processes which Dolomite undergoes. Types of Erosion
Not Applicable
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Thermal and physical properties of Dolomite. Properties of Dolomite </>
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Properties that are measurable or whose values describe a state of a physical system of Dolomite. Physical Properties of Dolomite
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Measure of ease with which a smooth surface of a rock can be scratched, or of its resistance to abrasion. It is measured on Moh’s Hardness scale. Hardness
3.5-4
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Size of individual mineral crystals in Dolomite. Grain Size
Medium to Fine Coarse Grained
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Cracking or breaking of Dolomite. Fracture
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Conchoidal fracture is a curved breakage which resembles to the concentric ripples of a mussel shell.Conchoidal
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Color of Dolomite when powdered. Streak
White
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Porosity of Dolomite is the quality of being porous, or full of tiny holes. Porosity
Less Porous
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Interaction of light with the surface of Dolomite. Luster
Vitreous and Pearly
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Resistance applied by Rocks to break under compression. Compressive Strength
140.00 N/mm2
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Forms due to deformation and metamorphism in Dolomite. Cleavage
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When rock deforms, it produces smooth surfaces.Perfect
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Ability to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing. Toughness
1
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Ratio of density of Dolomite to the density of reference rock. Specific Gravity
2.8-3
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Degree to which light can pass through a rock. Transparency
Transparent to Translucent
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Degree of compactness of a rock. Density
2.8-2.9 g/cm3
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Properties which describe the response of a rock on the application of heat. Thermal Properties of Dolomite
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Amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat Capacity
0.92 kJ/Kg K
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Resistance offered by Dolomite against deformation, wear, scratch and heat. Resistance
  • Heat Resistant
  • Pressure Resistant
  • Wear Resistant
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Reserves of Dolomite. Dolomite Reserves </>
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Deposits of Dolomite in Asia, Africa and Europe which constitute the eastern continents. Dolomite Deposits in Eastern Continents
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Deposits of Dolomite in Asian continent. Asia
China, India
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Deposits of Dolomite in African continent. Africa
Morocco, Namibia
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Deposits of Dolomite in European continent. Europe
Austria, Italy, Romania, Spain, Switzerland
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List of countries where Dolomite deposits are found excluding the 6 continents. Others
Not Yet Found
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Deposits of Dolomite in North and South America which constitute the western continents. Dolomite Deposits in Western Continents
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Deposits of Dolomite in North American continent. North America
Mexico, USA
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Deposits of Dolomite in South American continent. South America
Brazil, Colombia
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Deposits of Dolomite in Australia which constitute the Oceania continent. Dolomite Deposits in Oceania Continent
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Deposits of Dolomite in Australian continent. Australia
New South Wales, Queensland, Yorke Peninsula

Information about Dolomite

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Dolomite Uses. We have provided you with all information about Dolomite rock here. Dolomite is a sedimentary rock containing more than 50 percent of the mineral dolomite by weight. Dolomite is available in black, brown, colourless, green, grey, pink, white colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Dolomite is white. Get to know more about Dolomite rock and characteristics of Dolomite rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Dolomite

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Dolomite are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Dolomite is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Dolomite plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Dolomite is 3.5-4 on Moh’s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Types of Hard Rocks, Types of Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Dolomite rock is conchoidal. Its specific heat capacity is 0.92 kJ/Kg K. Dolomite is heat resistant, pressure resistant, wear resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Decorative aggregates, Homes and Interior decoration.
  • Construction Industry: As a flux in the production of steel and pig iron, As a sintering agent in steel industry to process iron ore, As dimension stone, Cement manufacture, For road aggregate, Making natural cement, Manufacture of magnesium and dolomite refractories, Production of glass and ceramics, Serves as an oil and gas reservoir rock.

Know more about Dolomite rock in the next section.

More About Dolomite

Dolomite is a type of Sedimentary Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Dolomite rock is available in black, brown, colourless, green, grey, pink, white colors. It is Glassy or Pearly in appearance. The Dolomite mineral content includes Clay Minerals, Pyrite, Quartz, Sulfides. Its compound content includes NaCl, CaO, Carbon Dioxide, Magnesium Carbonate, MgO. Let’s move on to the types of Dolomite. The types of Dolomite include Boninite and Jasperoid. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Dolomite belongs to Sedimentary Rocks, fossils are found in it.