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Conglomerate Rock

Types of Soft Rocks

Coal
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Chalk
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Mudstone
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Definition of Conglomerate. Conglomerate Definition </>
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Definition of Conglomerate. Definition
Conglomerate is a sedimentary rock which forms from rounded gravel and boulder sized clasts which are cemented together in a matrix
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History describes the place of origin and the discoverer of Conglomerate. History of Conglomerate
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Origin is the place where Conglomerate was first discovered. Origin
Italy
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Name of Conglomerate discoverer. Discoverer
Unknown
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Study of origin of the word "Conglomerate". Etymology
From Latin conglomeratus, to roll together, i.e. from com together + glomerare to gather into a ball, from glomus (genitive glomeris) a ball
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Category of Rocks. Class
Sedimentary Rocks
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Sub-class of Conglomerate. Sub-Class
  • Durable Rock
  • Soft Rock
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Nature of rocks which is either volcanic or plutonic according to its formation process. Conglomerate Family
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Group of Conglomerate. It is applicable only to Igneous rocks. Group
Not Applicable
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Other categories of Conglomerate excluding Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic. Other Categories
  • Coarse Grained Rock
  • Opaque Rock
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The shape, arrangement and distribution of minerals or grains within Conglomerate. Conglomerate Texture </>
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Arrangement and distribution of minerals within rock. Texture
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Clastic texture is applicable to rocks which are composed of fragments, or clasts, of pre-existing minerals.Clastic
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The colors in which Conglomerate is available. Conglomerate Color
Beige, Black, Brown, Buff, Light to Dark Grey, Orange, Rust, White, Yellow
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Maintenance required for Rocks. Maintenance
More
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Ability of Rocks to withstand wear, pressure, or damage. Durability
Durable
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The resistance offered by Conglomerate on exposure to Water. Water Resistant
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Resistance offered by Conglomerate to scratches. Scratch Resistant
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Resistance offered by Conglomerate to stains. Stain Resistant
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Resistance offered by Conglomerate to wind. Wind Resistant
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Resistance offered by Conglomerate while reacting with acid. Acid Resistant
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Visual Appearance of Conglomerate. Appearance
Shiny and Rounded
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Uses of Conglomerate in architecture and construction industry. Conglomerate Uses </>
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Architectural uses of Conglomerate. Architecture
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Interior Uses of Conglomerate which include as Countertops, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways etc. Interior Uses
Decorative Aggregates, Floor Tiles and Homes
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Exterior Uses of Conglomerate which include as Building Stone, Garden Decoration etc. Exterior Uses
As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Garden Decoration, Office Buildings and Roof Tiles
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Other Architectural Uses of Conglomerate Other Architectural Uses
Curbing
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Industrial uses of Conglomerate. Industry
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Uses of Conglomerate in construction industry. Construction Industry
As Dimension Stone, Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate, Roadstone
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Uses of Conglomerate in medical industry. Medical Industry
Not Yet Used
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Rocks used to build buildings and monuments, or work of art like sculptures from the ancient past or used for creating artifacts and jewelry. Antiquity Uses
Artifacts, Monuments, Sculpture and Small Figurines
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Other uses of Conglomerate. Other Uses
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Other commercial uses of Conglomerate. Commercial Uses
Cemetery Markers, In aquifers, Tombstones
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Types of Conglomerate. Conglomerate Types </>
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Types of Conglomerate. Types
Not Available
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Unique features of Conglomerate. Features
Clasts are smooth to touch, Is one of the oldest rock, Matrix variable
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The systematic study of historical past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence like graves, buildings, tools, pottery etc. Archaeological Significance of Conglomerate
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Buildings, structures, or sites which are build out of various rocks that are of historical importance. Monuments
Used
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Famous Monuments which are built from Conglomerate. Famous Monuments
Data Not Available
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Art of making statues or attractive forms by carving rocks or stones. Sculpture
Used
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Famous Sculptures which are carved using Conglomerate rock. Famous Sculptures
Data Not Available
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Pictographs are paintings or drawings that have been placed on the rock face. Such artworks have typically been made with mineral earths and other natural compounds and they are mostly found in caves, rock shelters and areas with dry climates. Pictographs
Used
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A petroglyph is an image which is carved into a rock. This carving produces a visible indentation in the rock by scratching away the weathered surface to reveal unweathered rock of a different color below. Petroglyphs
Used
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Small statues which represent a human, deity or animal. Figurines are also referred to statuette. Figurines
Used
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Preserved remains of animals, plants and organisms from past. Fossils
Present
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Formation of Conglomerate. Formation of Conglomerate </>
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Process of formation of Conglomerate rock. Formation
Conglomerate forms where sediments consisting mainly of pebble and cobble-size clasts at least two millimeters in diameter starts accumulating.
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Composition gives the list of constituents of Conglomerate. Composition
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Mineral content of Conglomerate. Mineral Content
Clay, Sand, Silica, Silt
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Compound content of Conglomerate. Compound Content
NaCl, CaO
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Change in nature, appearance or form of Conglomerate. Transformation
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Change in form or nature of Conglomerate. Metamorphism
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List of metamorphism processes which Conglomerate undergoes. Types of Metamorphism
  • Burial Metamorphism
  • Cataclastic Metamorphism
  • Regional Metamorphism
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Change in appearance or texture of Conglomerate due to atmospheric exposure. Weathering
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List of weathering processes which Conglomerate undergoes. Types of Weathering
Not Applicable
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Process of gradual destruction of Conglomerate by wind, water or other agents. Erosion
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List of erosion processes which Conglomerate undergoes. Types of Erosion
  • Chemical Erosion
  • Coastal Erosion
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Thermal and physical properties of Conglomerate. Properties of Conglomerate </>
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Properties that are measurable or whose values describe a state of a physical system of Conglomerate. Physical Properties of Conglomerate
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Measure of ease with which a smooth surface of a rock can be scratched, or of its resistance to abrasion. It is measured on Moh’s Hardness scale. Hardness
2-3
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Size of individual mineral crystals in Conglomerate. Grain Size
Coarse Grained
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Cracking or breaking of Conglomerate. Fracture
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Uneven fracture is a rough surface or one with random irregularities.Uneven
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Color of Conglomerate when powdered. Streak
White
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Porosity of Conglomerate is the quality of being porous, or full of tiny holes. Porosity
Highly Porous
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Interaction of light with the surface of Conglomerate. Luster
Dull
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Forms due to deformation and metamorphism in Conglomerate. Cleavage
Non-Existent
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Ability to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing. Toughness
Not Available
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Ratio of density of Conglomerate to the density of reference rock. Specific Gravity
2.86-2.88
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Degree to which light can pass through a rock. Transparency
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A rock is said to be opaque if it blocks all the rays of light to pass through it.Opaque
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Degree of compactness of a rock. Density
1.7-2.3 g/cm3
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Properties which describe the response of a rock on the application of heat. Thermal Properties of Conglomerate
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Amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius. Specific Heat Capacity
0.92 kJ/Kg K
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Resistance offered by Conglomerate against deformation, wear, scratch and heat. Resistance
Heat Resistant
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Reserves of Conglomerate. Conglomerate Reserves </>
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Deposits of Conglomerate in Asia, Africa and Europe which constitute the eastern continents. Conglomerate Deposits in Eastern Continents
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Deposits of Conglomerate in Asian continent. Asia
China, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia, Uzbekistan
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Deposits of Conglomerate in African continent. Africa
Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa
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Deposits of Conglomerate in European continent. Europe
Austria, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
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List of countries where Conglomerate deposits are found excluding the 6 continents. Others
Greenland
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Deposits of Conglomerate in North and South America which constitute the western continents. Conglomerate Deposits in Western Continents
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Deposits of Conglomerate in North American continent. North America
Canada, USA
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Deposits of Conglomerate in South American continent. South America
Brazil
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Deposits of Conglomerate in Australia which constitute the Oceania continent. Conglomerate Deposits in Oceania Continent
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Deposits of Conglomerate in Australian continent. Australia
New South Wales, New Zealand

Information about Conglomerate

Rocks are naturally occurring solids which are composed of minerals & have been used by humans since ages. From Stone Age, rocks are used for various purposes. Also, the metals and minerals found in rock play an important role in our life. Get to know all the Conglomerate Uses. We have provided you with all information about Conglomerate rock here. Conglomerate is a sedimentary rock which forms from rounded gravel and boulder sized clasts which are cemented together in a matrix. Conglomerate is available in beige, black, brown, buff, light to dark grey, orange, rust, white, yellow colors. The streak of a rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. The streak of Conglomerate is white. Get to know more about Conglomerate rock and characteristics of Conglomerate rock in the next sections.

Characteristics of Conglomerate

Many rocks have distinct characteristics. Some of the Properties of Conglomerate are hardness, structure, streak, fracture etc. Conglomerate is significant as it is composed of minerals and has variety of uses in our day to day life. The characteristics of Conglomerate plays an important role in its identification. The hardness of Conglomerate is 2-3 on Mohโ€™s hardness scale. Rocks according to their hardness are divided into:Types of Hard Rocks, Types of Soft Rocks and Rocks with Medium Hardness. Fracture of Conglomerate rock is uneven. Its specific heat capacity is 0.92 kJ/Kg K. Conglomerate is heat resistant. Some of its uses are:

  • Interior Uses: Decorative aggregates, Floor tiles and Homes.
  • Construction Industry: As dimension stone, Cement manufacture, Construction aggregate, For road aggregate, Roadstone.

Know more about Conglomerate rock in the next section.

More About Conglomerate

Conglomerate is a type of Sedimentary Rocks. The color of rock is one of its important property. Conglomerate rock is available in beige, black, brown, buff, light to dark grey, orange, rust, white, yellow colors. It is Shiny and Rounded in appearance. The Conglomerate mineral content includes Clay, Sand, Silica, Silt. Its compound content includes NaCl, CaO. Letโ€™s move on to the types of Conglomerate. Conglomerate rock does not have any types. Fossils are the remains of prehistoric plants or animals which are embedded in rock and preserved in petrified form. Fossils are found only in sedimentary rocks. As Conglomerate belongs to Sedimentary Rocks, fossils are found in it.